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"This is the year of surprise for The Orville." ― Scott Grimes, on Season 2[[source]]Season 2 is the upcoming season of The Orville on Fox. It is expected to continue the adventures of the USS Orville as it explores space, discovers new worlds, and battles the Krill. The Orville was renewed for a second season in November of 2017. It is slated to premiere on December 30, 2018, shifting to a midseason (as opposed to fall season) schedule.
The upcoming season will have at least 14 episodes though the exact number ordered is unknown. The first season had 13 episodes but the twelfth episode was moved to the second season, meaning that the second season will have at least 13 new episodes in addition to one already-produced episode.
By the middle of season one, expectations were high, but not certain that the show would be renewed. The Orville had posted respectable ratings for the Thursday 9 p.m. broadcasting slot, Fox's highest since 2015. On the other hand, The Orville ran high production costs, each episode cost roughly $7 million to produce, more expensive than most of its competition, and the network had declined to order 13 more episodes for the Spring.
On November 2, 2017, Fox announced that it had renewed the show for a second season, four days after Majority Rule aired, the second most-watched episode of the show overall. Renewal came early in the year for The Orville, beating all Fox shows but The Simpsons. Some journalists were surprised that Fox chose to renew the series instead of ordering more episodes for the first season, but creator Seth MacFarlane had long said that he did not want a second half of the first season in order to keep the show's production values high.
2018-19 schedule Edit
Season 2 is slated to premiere on December 30, 2018, a Sunday, shifting to a midseason schedule. After the premiere episode, the show will switch to the old Thursday night time slot. The reasons for the unusual bump to midseason are unclear, though Fox did time the show to begin exactly after the conclusion of Thursday Night Football - a newly purchased property that will occupy The Orville's old Thursday night time slot during the fall.
Michael Cecchini, a journalist for Den of Geek who attended the Fox Upfronts, mollified fans not to be "fooled" by Fox holding The Orville until midseason. He reported that the network leadership said the show is a "huge priority." Inside the set, the extension came as a "huge relief" to the crew, according to visual effects producer Brooke Noska, as the team had much more time to complete post-production.
During writing production for Season 1 in 2016 through 2017, MacFarlane and the writing team wrote 16 scripts, 13 of those were used for the first season and three set aside for later episodes if the show was renewed. The show was indeed renewed, although one first season episode Primal Urges was moved to Season 2.
The exact number of purchased episodes is unknown. When asked about the number of episodes, MacFarlane said, "I'd rather do fewer episodes and have them be better content-wise than do 22 and have them be filler."
In a post on Twitter, actor Scott Grimes hinted that production will begin in February, 2018. In a January article, TVGuide reported that the show will not air in 2018. However, MacFarlane corrected the article, writing via Twitter that show will air later in the year as planned. A finalized premiere date was announced in mid-May that The Orville would return on December 30.
One of the early tidbits of information came in late December, 2017, when MJL Puppet Design announced that they had contracted to design a puppet for the show. MJL published an update photo on May 10, 2018, of their work on the doll. Because work remained unfinished as Episode 206 filming concluded, it is unlikely the puppet will appear in any earlier episode. A reference photo can be seen in the second photo that implies he puppet will be a small, blonde girl of roughly 9 or 10 years of age.
On January 9, 2018, Jon Cassar, who directed the episode Krill, announced on Instagram that he has a "new job" as Director and Producer for the upcoming season. The cast and crew had their first joint meeting for the upcoming season on January 28. The following day, Mike Henry (Dann) posted to his Instagram and Twitter several photos of his body being molded for a costume, and on February 27, actor J. Lee (John LaMarr) published a video of Henry on set as Lieutenant Dann.
On February 12, a new series regular was announced for the show. Though the character's identity was not disclosed, it would be played by Jessica Szohr, best known for her role on Gossip Girl. By piecing together a series of unintentionally leaked information, fans discovered that Szohr's character's name is believed to be "Talla Keyali" or "Talla Kexali."
On February 21, an unidentified character was confirmed who would recur throughout the season, to be played by Chris Johnson. Several days later, Lee revealed that Johnson's character's name will be "Cassius." A month later, Adrianne Palicki (Kelly Grayson) noted that the arrival of the new characters will form a "rift" between Ed and Kelly, and they will "deal with it separately."
A third character will be added in the episode Home and recur through the season. The character has been pictured alongside J. Lee as a two-horned reptilian humanoid. According to Tom Costantino, the unknown actor behind the character will be immediately identifiable by his voice and mannerisms.
After filming of the sixth episode concluded on May 11, the cast and crew took a several weeks-long break. The purpose of the break was to give the effects team time to edit the shot footage while others could prepare for the next five episodes, followed by another break for the remaining episodes. Season 1 had no breaks, and the effects team found themselves pressed against time to finish editing.
"Towards the end of [the season] the scripts get more ambitious. They'll be fun to watch; they'll be Hell to make. New species. Lots of eye candy. Lots of layered storytelling." ― Tom Costantino[[source]]Filming of season two began February 26. The same day, it was revealed that Joe Menosky, a writer for Star Trek: Discovery, had left the show and joined The Orville as writer and co-executive producer. Menosky is perhaps best known for writing the episode "Darmok" for the show Star Trek: The Next Generation.
Producer and science consultant André Bormanis confirmed that he and Braga co-wrote several scripts for the season, and hinted: "I can tell you that we’ll be delving more deeply into the lives of our crew, their interests, relationships, and histories. We’ll be exploring Ed and Kelly’s relationship in more depth. We’ll do some mind-bending science fiction stories, as well stories that touch on contemporary social issues." To which Penny Johnson Jerald's comment may be added:
[I]n Season 2 you're going to see more expansion of the characters, because in Season 1 I think you got the groundwork. But in Season 2 we're elevating to different levels, we're understanding relationships, we're understanding inner workings of individuals, how they react to things and situations. And surprises, surprises, surprises.In several interviews with TVGuide on March 19, the actors of the show left several clues about the upcoming season. Halston Sage reviewed her character, Alara Kitan, and left a cryptic hint: "One of my favorite things in the first season is that you did get to see that arc of her coming in to her own and really finding her place on the Orville, and you definitely get to see more that in the second season. I don't want to tell you, but there might be something involving a horse." Macon confirmed that the show will "prove or disprove" whether Bortus can sing (referring to the opening of Cupid's Dagger, where Bortus nearly sings "My Heart Will Go On" before being cut short by Admiral Halsey).
That same day, in interviews with Rotten Tomatoes, Grimes said that he is excited to have an upcoming episode that takes place entirely on the Orville, Palicki mentioned that the season will increasingly examine specie-ism, that a few months have passed since the last episode of Season 1 (Mad Idolatry), and a special friendship will be forged between Claire Finn and Kelly.
The most surprising information from Coleman is that the next time Bortus and Klyden's son, Topa, is seen, he will be eight years old and attending school on Earth. "I didn't know [before beginning Season 2 that] he is going to be eight, so I wanted to see what his world [is], who's he engaging? I think once he goes to school and has to appropriate American culture and stuff, then as a father I'm going to be able to engage that." Macon has promised that Season 2 will further develop the story arches of the family.
Scripts for the Season 2 premiere TBD were released on February 5, 2018. The writer is confirmed to be Seth MacFarlane. A title for the pisode is not yet determined. Filming began February 26, 2018, at 8 a.m. The episode will air on December 30, 2018.
Throughout February, several leaks from cast and crew revealed several lines of dialogue between Kanoot and Mercer. As the leaks came out at different times in the month, it also shows editing decisions of the staff. In the earliest copy, an alien species named "Florite" are revealed but was removed in the most recent edit. In the most recent edit, Alara Kitan joins Mercer at a bar.
From a production standpoint, the inadvertently leaked information sparked a change in policy while filming. In an interview with the Planetary Union Network, editor Tom Costantino said a "very gentle hammer" came down on crew who posted pictures to their social network. Unlike Season 1, in which the show operated in relative obscurity, "now there's at least a couple people checking our [social network] feeds. ... Now we have to be careful."
Home is the second episode of the season, written by Cherry Chevapravatdumrong (who also wrote Firestorm) and directed by Jon Cassar. Filming began on or close to March 6. Additionally, it seems that executive producer David A. Goodman will guest star It is reported that Robert Picardo will also return as Alara's father, Ildis Kitan.
The episode will air on January 3, 2019.
Episode 203 Edit
The cast gathered together on March 20 for a table reading of the third episode's script. The episode will include Ty Finn and Dann, although most notable is the first public appearance of Jessica Szohr as Talla. Henry also mentioned that Dann would return in later episodes. According to IMDB, Chris Johnson will join as Cassius, the first episode to feature this character.
Episode 204 Edit
Robert Duncan McNeill, who directed the first season episode of Command Performance, returned to direct this episode and filming began in early March.[n 1] In May, IMDB published several versions of a preliminary cast list that includes the main cast.
- Arriane Alexander as Regorian Doctor #2
- Robert Curtis Brown as Chief Advisor Makkal
- Chet Grissom as Aide
- Chris Johnson as Cassius
- Jack Kennedy as Military Security Guard
- Jennifer Landon as Ukania
- Charles Maceo as Camp Guard #1
- Matthew Foster as Dr. Feylar
- Carlos Arellano as Burly Man
- Troy Vincent as Man in Lab Coat
- Brandon Young as Obstetrician #2
- Julienne Irons as Prisoner
- Jessica Szohr as Talla 
Episode 205 Edit
The cast gathered for a table read on March 20. At an undetermined date, IMDB published a preliminary cast list that includes the main cast, followed by:
- Aaron Goddard as Waiter[n 2]
- Sai Gundewar as Alien
- Chris Johnson as Cassius
- Jessica Szohr
- Kai Wener as Ty Finn
Episode 206 Edit
Filming of episode 206 concluded on May 11. Seth MacFarlane implied via Twitter that Jessica Szohr will play a prominent role in Episode 206.[n 3] Jon Cassar published an image of a particularly unusual-looking alien to appear in that episode flanked by two Moclans. The appearance of a Moclan juror below suggests the crew returns to the planet's Tribunal.
- Chase Brosamle as Newsie
- Chris Johnson as Cassius
- Kevin Daniels as Locar
- Vivienne Rutherford as Young Girl
- Jessica Szohr as Talla 
- Humberto Montalvo as Moclan Jury
Note that Humberto Montalvo is also slated to appear in Home as "Moclan." It is unknown if Montalvo's recurrence is due to the reappearance of a single character of if he simply plays two different roles, much like Sean Cook played two separate Krill in Season 1.
Episode 208 Edit
The main cast gathered for a table read of episode 208 on or around June 8. It is written by MacFarlane and directed by Cassar. Stephen Blackehart will appear as Krill Second Officer; Wener and Tanner reprise their roles as Ty and Marcus Finn respectively.[n 4]
Primal Urges Edit
One episode of Season 2, Primal Urges, is in reality episode 12 of the first season. It was written in 2016 and completed sometime in 2017. It is expected to deal heavily with Moclans, especially Bortus, Klyden, and their child Topa. Early in September, 2017, actor Peter Macon said of the episode:
[MacFarlane] built this world where the comedy is slap sticky and wrong. There are some things where I was saying I can’t believe that we are filming this. Specifically [Primal Urges]. That is all I am going to say.Grimes said the episode's plot will not focus on Malloy but on a separate character from the main cast, now believed to be Topa. The episode will concern the emotional rift between Bortus and Klyden, originally driven by the sex change of their son in About a Girl. Additionally, the episode is "mildly sexual" and will revolve around the Environmental Simulator.
Unsorted episodes Edit
MacFarlane has confirmed that Isaac's background will appear in greater detail in Season 2: "We will learn more about Isaac's people. There's a whole story that's already been written that examines the origins of Isaac's people;" and later, "Next season, we are going to deal with Isaac a little bit, and we have a very clear idea of what we want him to be."
In a December 20, 2017, interview with the Planetary Union Network podcast, Wardrobe Designer Joseph Porro hinted that one particular episode of Season 2 would feature a great many aliens, far more than seen in any episode of Season 1, and described it as "eye candy."
On March 19, 2018, MacFarlane and Grimes confirmed that an upcoming episode will have no science fiction plot, but instead feature "character pieces." That episode may be the season premiere because Grimes's confirmation came while discussing TBD. Grimes elaborates: "We literally did an episode that was kind of all inclusive to the ship.... If you’re on a ship of 300 people, and it’s allowed to have relationships — obviously, Bortus and Klyden have a relationship right there — so of course stuff is going to happen, more so with some characters than the other characters."
Nana Visitor, who auditioned for a role on the show, described an episode that may be Primal Urges or another episode in the season: "It was a leader of people who had to get everybody off her planet because it was going to explode, and she leaves her, she stays on it and sends her wife and child off."
Occasionally, actors and actresses are announced for the season but without ties to a particular episode. Michele Boyd confirmed that she would play an as-yet unrevealed character and Heather Horton will play Science Prefect.
Fayette alluded to a spaceship to appear in the season that is particularly stunning, calling it the "Season 2 ship."
Rumor of Alara's departure Edit
On January 29, 2018, JP, a popular Youtube user covering The Orville, first reported "gossip" from an anonymous source that Alara Kitan would leave the show in Season 2. The rumor picked up steam when photographs taken by bystanders were published online that showed the main cast filming Home but did not include Alara. However, the strongest evidence did not come until May 3, when the company Buqu sent a gift of car chargers to the main cast of The Orville. Their gift included a car charger for each character, including Jessica Szohr's Talla, but not Alara.
Preparing to air Edit
Cast and crew continued to interview sporadically through the winter until filming began in late February.
The first major publicity appearance was March 17, when the main cast, Coleman, Braga, Goodman, and Clark returned to PaleyFest for a panel discussion of the show. The panel reflected over Season 1 and teased the crowd with snippets of Season 2 information.
Several days later, Fox quietly hosted a sneak-peak look at Season 2 production for members of the Academy, though little information has come from that event.
Throughout 2018, Fox explored the idea to reduce the number of commercials during television programs by 40 percent. By early June, the proposal caught MacFarlane's attention, who wanted more air time per episode of The Orville. The two are in talks to test "Jaz pod" commercials, an industry name for one-minute commercials, that would split the episode into more breaks but greatly increase the amount of episode time.
List of episodesEdit
|013||02||01||S02E01||1LAB14||TBD||Dec. 30, 2018||-||Season 2 premiere. Sunday night.|
|014||02||02||S02E02||1LAB15||Home||Jan. 3, 2019||-||Return to Thursday night schedule.|
|015||02||03||S02E03||1LAB16||TBA||Jan. 10, 2019||-|
|016||02||04||S02E04||1LAB17||TBA||Jan. 17, 2019||-|
|017||02||05||S02E05||1LAB18||TBA||Jan. 24, 2019||-|
|018||02||06||S02E06||1LAB19||TBA||Jan. 31, 2019||-|
|019||02||07||S02E07||1LAB20||TBA||Feb. 7, 2019||-|
|020||02||08||S02E08||1LAB21||TBA||Feb. 14, 2019||-|
|N/A||02||N/A||TBA; S01E12 (former)||1LAB12||Primal Urges||N/A||-||Twelfth series production episode. Originally Season 1, Episode 12.|
- ↑ Charles Maceo's resume lists filming of the episode for March 5, 2018."Charles Maceo". Actors Access. Last accessed May 4, 2018.
- ↑ Goddard's role as a waiter was independently confirmed via his Instagram. @aaron_goddard. "Yes, I’ve gone Hollywood and refuse to remove my sunglasses for all photos. But I did remove my pants. You’re welcome." Instagram. March 21, 2018.
- ↑ This was later confirmed by Seth MacFarlane himself and seems to be a dedicated episode to Talla. Cf. @SethMacFarlane. "Hey @jessicaszohr way to kill it this week on your Orville episode!". Twitter. (May 10, 2018).
- ↑ A photo of the Episode 208 table read reveals Wener and Tanner. See u/ombx, "Post hiatus 2nd Season table read", Reddit (June 8, 2018).
- ↑ "SDCC2017 The Orville, EP's David. A Goodman, Jason Clark, & Brannon Braga Interview". FanboyNation. July 25, 2017.
- ↑ Andreeva, Nellie. "‘The Orville’ Renewed For Season 2 By Fox". Deadline. Nov. 2, 2017.
- ↑ Tim Surette. "The Orville's Season Will be Cut Short". TVGuide. Nov. 14, 2017. Online. http://www.tvguide.com/news/the-orville-season-1-episode-count/
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Andreeva, Nellie. "Fox Fall 2018-19 Schedule: Multi-Camera Comedy Block On Friday, ‘9-1-1’ Moves To Monday, ‘The Orville’ Returns In December". Deadline. May 14, 2018.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Cecchini, Michael. "Don't be fooled by #TheOrville being held until midseason. Network calls it a "huge priority." #FOXUpfronts". Twitter. May 14, 2018.
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "The Orville Fan Podcast w/ The Visual Effects Team". Planetary Union Network. May 23, 2018.
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Surette, Tim. "The OrvilleSeason 2 Will Be Bigger, But We'll Probably Have to Wait for It". TVGuide. Jan. 4, 2017.
- ↑ "#day1 of getting in shape to be back aboard #theorville in February!! Even in 400 years we still have to work out". Grimes, Scott. Twitter. Dec. 12, 2017.
- ↑ MacFarlane, Seth. "To correct a bit of misreporting: No, there won’t be an Orville/Family Guy crossover, and yes, The Orville season 2 will arrive later this year." Twitter. Jan. 7, 2018.
- ↑ "Orville Update: Season 2 To Feature More Sci-Fi, To Be At Least 14 Episodes". TrekMovie.com. Jan. 5, 2017.
- ↑ 11.0 11.1 "‘The Orville’ Season 2 To Premiere In December + More Production Updates". TrekMovie.com. May 14, 2018.
- ↑ "I couldn't be happier starting my new job today. Director/Producer on Season 2 of #TheOrville" @joncassar. Instagram. Jan. 9, 2018.
- ↑ Henry, Mike. "Got busted today for @TheOrville season 2 on @FOXTV". Twitter. Jan. 28, 2018.
- ↑ Image taken by @S_MacFarlaneFan on Twitter of jleefilms. Snapchat. Feb. 27, 2018. Online.
- ↑ Andreeva, Nellie. ‘The Orville’: Jessica Szohr Cast As Series Regular For Season 2 Of Fox Series. Deadline. Feb. 12, 2018.
- ↑ 16.0 16.1 16.2 Egotastic Funtimes. "Jessica Szohr First Name Leaked - Where's Alara? | TALKING THE ORVILLE". YouTube. May 3, 2018.
- ↑ Petski, Denise. "‘The Orville’: Chris Johnson Set To Recur On Season 2 Of Seth MacFarlane’s Fox Dramedy". Deadline. Feb. 21, 2018.
- ↑ Snapchat videos by jleefilms. Compiled by /u/arrowsofshield. "The first table read of season 2 is today!" Reddit.com. Feb. 23, 2018.
- ↑ 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 19.5 19.6 19.7 19.8 Topel, Fred. "SETH MACFARLANE ADDRESSES CRITICS’ HARSH TAKE ON THE ORVILLE STORY LINE". Rotten Tomatoes.
- ↑ Photo by @The_Orville_Fan of a video by @jleefilm published to Instagram. Twitter. March 6, 2018.
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 21.2 "The Orville Fan Podcast w/ Tom Costantino, Scott Powell, Bart Rachmil & Hillary Wills". Planetary Union Network. March 19, 2018.
- ↑ @joncassar. "Another shooting week begins on #TheOrville". Instagram. March 26, 2018.
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 @vintageivy. "This Assistant Costume Designer is all packed up and ready for #theorville few weeks of hiatus. #seeyounexttime #shipmetoanywherefun #willtravel #packituppackitin #behindthescenes". Instagram. May 12, 2018.
- ↑ 24.0 24.1 Cassar, Jon. "Here we go #TheOrville season 2 starts shooting. Stay tuned." Instagram. Feb. 26, 2018.
- ↑ Wright, Matt. "‘The Orville’ Season 2 Production Starts, Star Trek Writer Joe Menosky Joins". TrekMovie. Feb. 26, 2018.
- ↑ Bement, Colleen. "Get to know ‘The Orville’ and ‘Star Trek’ producer Andre Bormanis". Nerd Alert News. March 6, 2018.
- ↑ 27.0 27.1 27.2 Surette, Tim. "The Orville: Everything We Know About Season 2". TVGuide. March 19, 2018.
- ↑ "Episode123 - LIVE from the Paley Fest Blue Carpet feat. The Orville & Mom casts". On the Mic with Tim Drake. March 27, 2018.
- ↑ Thaide, Ivy. Instagram. Feb. 5, 2018. Online at https://www.instagram.com/p/Be0dyLyn1Bk/
- ↑ Thaide, Ivy. "Here we go! Season 2 Day 1 of our first Ep. May the costume Gods be ever in our favor #firstday #hollywood #theorville #costumedept #syfy". Instagram. Feb. 26, 2018.
- ↑ Photos compiled by @StJerome. "Hey folks #TheOrville Season 2 tidbits. @jleefilm posted an IGStory with a few pics. Looks like @DavidAGoodman has quotes on his placard. Maybe he's stepping in front of the Cameras? Also a new Alien photo. Last it looks like @cherrycheva is the writer for Ep 202 titled "Home"" Twitter. March 7, 2018.
- ↑ 32.0 32.1 @joncassar. "The other side of the table at #TheOrville table read. @pennyjjerald @scottgrimes @jessicaszohr". Instagram. March 21, 2018.
- ↑ 33.0 33.1 @bigpreesh. "Following Following @bigpreesh More End of a fun day. Back in a few weeks! Thanks @SethMacFarlane @TheOrville #letitdrip". Twitter. March 28, 2018.
- ↑ 34.0 34.1 "Episode #2.3". IMDB. Last accessed May 17, 2018.
- ↑ "Charles Maceo". Actors Access. Last accessed May 4, 2018.
- ↑ 36.0 36.1 36.2 36.3 36.4 36.5 36.6 "Episode #2.4". IMDB. Last accessed May 4, 2018.
- ↑ 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 37.4 37.5 "Episode 2.4". IMDB. Last accessed June 5, 2018.
- ↑ aaron_goddard. "Yes, I’ve gone Hollywood and refuse to remove my sunglasses for all photos. But I did remove my pants. You’re welcome." Instagram. March 21, 2018.
- ↑ 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 39.4 "Episode #2.5". IMDB. Last accessed May 4, 2018.
- ↑ "‘The Orville’ Season 2 To Premiere In December + More Production Updates". TrekMovie.com. May 14, 2018.
- ↑ @joncassar. "Just another day on #TheOrville". Instagram. May 8, 2016.
- ↑ 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 42.4 42.5 "Episode #2.6". IMDB. Last accessed May 18, 2018.
- ↑ 43.0 43.1 Photograph published by @EgotasticFT. Twitter. June 8, 2018.
- ↑ "Episode #2.8". IMDB. Last accessed May 4, 2018.
- ↑ Eddy, Art. "PETER MACON – MY LIFE OF DAD". Life of Dad. Last accessed Feb. 13, 2018.
- ↑ Stuart, Alasdair. "Scott Grimes Interview: The Orville actor on going boldly the MacFarlane way". MYM Buzz. Dec. 7, 2017.
- ↑ "Brannon Braga & The Orville Cast Full interview 2017 Panel NYC convention". NYC ComicCon. Nov. 20, 2017.
- ↑ "The Orville Fan Podcast w/ Joseph A. Porro (13)". Planetary Union Network. Dec. 20, 2017.
- ↑ Ulster, Laurie. "Nana Visitor Says She Wanted To Be Captain Janeway, Explains Why She’s Not On ‘The Orville’". TrekMovie.com. April 10, 2018.
- ↑ "Feature: Actress Rena Owen Chats With Us About Her Amazing Career and Upcoming Projects". Occhi Magazine. April 16, 2018.
- ↑ @micheleboyd. "It’s all happening. 😍😁😍 #newbooking #actorlifebestlife @theorville #happymichele @danielhoffagency". Instagram. April 13, 2018.
- ↑ "Heather Horton". Actors Access. Last accessed June 6, 2018.
- ↑ Egotastic Funtimes. "Is Alara Being Written Off The Show??? | TALKING THE ORVILLE". Youtube. Jan. 29, 2018.
- ↑ "PaleyFest 2018 LA lineup". Paley Center. Last accessed June 3, 2018.
- ↑ "The Orville Fan Podcast w/ Tom Costantino, Scott Powell, Bart Rachmil & Hillary Wills". Planetary Union Network. Planetary Union Network. March 19, 2018.
- ↑ McPherson, Doug. "Reducing Ad Load Easier Said Than Done for Fox; NBCU’s Rollout Smoother". Response. June 6, 2018.